Home Wall Primer: Part 1—Planning and Construction

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This is part one of our three part Home Wall Primer series. For advice on buying holds, check out Part 2: Choosing Holds. For route setting tips, see Part 3: Route Setting.

Disclaimer: This article is not meant to be a comprehensive how-to guide. It is simply what one climber learned after he was rained out too many days and decided to explore the world of woodys.

The Dream

The thought of building a woody has floated through most climbers’ minds. When we’re forced inside, climbing at the gym, we like to either complain about or praise the routesetters. “I could set something better” or “How they hell did they think of that movement?” often leads to “Maybe I could set my own five star problems.”

The Reality

A home wall is a lot of work, money, and maintenance, but TOTALLY worth it. Here is a rundown of the hows and whys for taking the plunge into the world of the woody to help you keep the psych high.


A woody, or home climbing wall, requires space.

How much space? Well, that’s up for debate. One reason home walls become dusty relics is that they seem cool until you realize you’re making three moves on a single plane over and over. It’s a far cry from the 18-foot topout feature at your local gym. Routesetting becomes uninspired. Without new routes, your psych will dwindle. I would recommend an absolute minimum of 10’x10’x10’—in other words, enough to build the ever popular Moonboard.


Home walls are often associated with finger strength work and training specific movements. It’s all about symmetrical, tendon-friendly repetition to get strong and send your project. There is one big problem with the solo training formula: Blasting EDM in your headphones and crushing an hour long system board session becomes monotonous. It’s not for everyone. The most frequented home walls allow for the solo crush session but also create an entertaining space for the casual V2 whiskey sipping session with your buddies. It’s vital to find a design that balances your needs. Will your toddler want to learn how to climb here? Do you live in Kansas and want to crush V10 on your next trip to Hueco? Or are you from rain soaked Oregon and want to make your woody the weekly hangout for you and your crew? Don’t underestimate the psych a route setting night with your best friends can add. When in doubt, make your space one that allows for all types of climbing fun, not just 45° system board training.



The most common angle for training is 45°. It is simple to measure and build. It will get you strong quickly. But the reality is that 45° walls don’t always use the existing space in an efficient manner. Don’t be afraid to make your wall 30° or even 50° overhanging. The biggest thing to remember is that abrupt angle changes can make setting smooth movement more difficult. Subtle shifts in angle also make for a lot more measuring and cutting so it’s a balance of the two. Think of your space in either 8′ or 4′ pieces. Standard plywood comes in 4’x8′ sheets. Using Full boards will make the construction fly by and reduce the chance of human error.


Allow for a four inch grid on the majority of the climbing space. It makes for easier setting. You can cut down cost by drilling less holes for areas that get less traffic, like 90 degree corners or places you may utilize screw on holds like a foot kicker at the bottom of your wall. You will not regret having too many t-nuts to choose from when setting. Broken t-nuts or spinners will occur; it’s crucial to have extra options until you can get around to fixing them.


This is often overlooked in design. Think about when you will be using your woody. Likely, you’ll be throwing down late-night sessions and the lighting can really affect the mood of the space or visibility of route setting tape. You want to create a space that you’re eager to spend time in. That is the secret to staying motivated on home training.

Photo: Rich Crowder


There are many embellishments that can make your woody more appealing to spend time in. Here are a few to consider:

  • Mini fridge with bottle opener—Everyone loves a cold beverage.
  • Speakers—Sometimes the iPhone speaker isn’t enough to really bump.
  • Seating—For lounging between burns.
  • Hold bins—Where will you store your extra holds?
  • Joint rolling station—It’s legal in a lot of states now, after all
  • Fan/Heater—Consider mounting a permanent one.
  • Setter’s wrench—5/16 and 7/32 wrenches are commonplace. Consider drill bits as well for quick stripping.



It can be easy to get lured in by the price of cheap plywood. Besides holds, plywood will be your largest expense. I personally elected for cabinet grade ¾” plywood. I’ve had dozens of friends over the years who work and set at climbing gyms. The common curse of the dreaded spinning t-nut is something you should avoid at all costs.


Buy the good ones. The last thing you want is to fix a spinner every re-set because you bought the three prong option. Amazon Prime will have four prong t-nuts to you in two days at a very cheap price. It will be 1/5 the price of Home Depot t-nuts.


If you are building from the Moonboard plans or the holy grail of home wall instruction from Metolius you may have an exact materials list. Keep in mind, Home depot has a great return policy. If you are not an engineer with CAD blueprints, then buy a plethora of strong ties, screws of multiple sizes, nails, and lumber. You won’t regret it. You can always return the extras.


One of the more tricky decisions for your woody will be flooring. While commercial gym-style foam is ideal, it can cost thousands even for a modest space. If you have the budget, Asana has some great options with their modular system. Avoid old mattresses, which can be dangerous and disgusting. But, if a mixture of padding is your only option, consider a topper to eliminate ankle busting gaps. An Asana Pro Spotter pad or two can do the trick and be put to use outdoors as well.


Some climbers get the idea that they can throw a bunch of scrap wood together, steal some particle board from the nearest construction site, and have a home wall. Home walls aren’t cheap. There are many ways to cut corners, but if you want to do it right, be resourceful or save your pennies. Final costs will be all over the map based on size. Your average garage woody can run you between $1,500 and $5,000.

The author’s home wall, The Barrel. Photo: Rich Crowder

Here is a general breakdown of my woody, The Barrel (pictured):

  • The hardest ¾” plywood Home Depot sells: 14 sheets x $39 = $546
  • 1,250, four prong, ⅜” zinc-plated t-nuts: $130
  • Random lumber, mostly 2’x4’s and 2’x6’s: $80
  • Flooring: $0-$2,000. The flooring pictured was free from my local gym.
  • Carpet: Free from a friend’s home renovation.
  • Holds: Endless $$$, but I recommend $1,000 to start (see the second installment in this series for recommendations)
  • Accessories: $200-400
  • Tools: You may have everything you need, but likely you’ll to need to fill in some gaps in your tool quiver.

Total: $2,000+


Spend the appropriate time researching what will and will not work for you. There are many resources out there on how to build both free standing home walls  and walls in existing structures. Wrapping your head around the engineering involved can take time. Befriend a carpenter or engineer. Talk to your climbing partners, consult your local routesetters, join social media home-wall groups and ask questions. A woody won’t be an excuse to quit your gym membership but it can be a great addition for the busy professional or stay-at-home parent.

Stay tuned for part two of this three part series, How to Choose Holds


Check out the rest of our Home Wall Primer series: